AYURVEDA OR the “science
of life”, is a section of the last Vedas. However, the
main texts are the “SUSHRUT SAMHITA” and “CHARAK
SAMHITA”, dating back to the fifth and sixth centuries
There are ancient texts on surgery which, for example, describe
primitive proctoscopes and endoscopes, several different kinds
of suturing, and how agents are carried by the bodily contact,
inhalation, and other channels to cause post-operative infections.
Indeed the “CHARAK SAMHITA”, lists 20 kinds
of “KRIMI” or the microscopic pathogenic organisms
( in addition to beneficial ones ), and body as composed of
cells, and about 2,000 years before the invention of the microscope.
There is probably, no dietary system as rich and sophisticated
as that embodied within AYURVEDA.
In India, the HINDU AYURVEDIC system of medicine which developed
from 1400 BC onwards suggested the consumption of testicular
tissue to treat impotence and obesity. It was also suggested
to take enema of goat’s fresh blood to treat excessive
blood loss from injuries. It was also known at that time that
hot baths could reduce fertility, which is still news over
Ayurveda means 'Knowledge of Life'. This system of medicine
is derived from philosophical theories propounded in India
over 2,000 years ago. More than being a system of treatment
this system's thrust is the prevention of disease, through
a harmony in body composition.
The basic concept of ayurveda is that the body is composed
of three principles: pittha, kapha and vatha. These are called
the tridoshas. Each dosha is located in a certain organ of
the body and is a combination of the five natural resources
(earth, fire, water, air and space or ether). Depending on
the predominance of a particular dosha, an individual falls
into a particular character type and is prone to particular
types of diseases. For example people of the pittha type are
said to be hot tempered and competitive. They are thought
to be more prone to ulcers and rashes.
Depending on the analysis of the patient type, ayurveda
advises a particular diet, treatment and care. There are different
types of treatments in ayurveda.